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         夏日戲水,安全第一!
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 炎炎夏日來臨,清涼消暑的水上活動最受小朋友歡迎了。然而,無論是游泳池、海邊或水上樂園,盡興玩樂固然要緊,安全問題也要隨時放在心上唷!

時間地點選擇最重要

 帶著孩子,安全問題最是不可大意。爸媽應該避免讓孩子在剛吃飽或天氣太熱時下水,否則可能造成身體不適或曬傷;另外,盡可能選擇管理良好的遊樂地點,例如設施完善、有救生員的游泳池或海水浴場,而避免到無人管理的水域。如果想到溪流或海邊戲水,也應考慮到該地點的水流及深度,還有該區域是否有其他人在場,遇有臨時狀況時,才有足夠人力幫忙。

不讓孩子離開視線

 孩子年紀還小,難免對安全較無概念,所以孩子玩水時,爸媽必須隨時監督留意,以確保孩子的安全。即使孩子已學會游泳,或是所在區域看起來很安全,爸媽還是應該時時將視線放在孩子身上,才能在察覺情況不對時,立即採取行動。

安全措施不可少

 人體在沒有準備下突然進入較低溫的水裡,全身肌肉會急驟收縮,容易引起抽筋現象,所以下水前的熱身運動是相當重要的。爸媽應養成孩子在下水前做暖身操的習慣,只要帶著孩子動動手腳、甩頭扭腰,活動全身各關節,就是最好的下水準備動作。在正式下水前,然後,爸媽可以先用水輕拍孩子的手腳、身體,或是先淋浴一下,等身體適應了水溫後,就可以開始玩水了。如果孩子不會游泳、或是怕水的話,各式游泳圈、浮臂環是不錯的輔助工具,在安全上也多一些保障;只是在使用時不要太大意,必須時時陪在孩子身邊。爸媽還可以運用游泳圈和孩子玩遊戲,例如在水中過山洞、或躺在游泳圈上隨水漂流等等,孩子會很喜歡這樣的玩法。

一起告別旱鴨子

 除了讓孩子學游泳,爸媽自己最好也會游泳。許多爸媽基於保護孩子安全的理由,往往能激發出學游泳的動力,與孩子一起學習。此外,如果可能,還可以學學基本的 CPR 急救術,以備不時之需。

熟悉意外時的處理方法

 水上活動最常見的意外有抽筋和嗆水兩種,爸媽應有如何應變的基本觀念,以保障自己和孩子的安全。抽筋的時候,要讓抽筋部位的肌肉保持曲膝狀,再輕輕的揉搓或按摩,不要用力的拍打或拉扯;必須等抽筋現象完全消除,才能重新下水。如果不小心嗆到水,爸媽則應將孩子的頭部放低,或讓孩子側臥,使吸入的水慢慢流出來。情況嚴重的話,則必須除去口中雜物,然後施行人工呼吸。孩子急救的原則與大人一樣,把下巴微微抬高讓呼吸道暢通,捏住鼻子,往嘴巴吹氣,按摩心臟五次,吹氣一次,持續到救援人員抵達。

 夏天是玩水的好季節,只要爸媽多加注意,孩子就能玩得開心又安心喔!

本文由信誼基金會授權農業兒童網刊載非經書面授權許可請勿轉載節錄或利用其他方式使用上述作品。

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